The 1900 Buganda Agreement was a significant event in the history of Uganda. The agreement was signed between the British colonial government and the kingdom of Buganda. It established a framework for governance that would last for decades. The agreement had a profound impact on the political and social landscape of Uganda. In this article, we will discuss two effects of the 1900 Buganda Agreement.

1. Consolidation of British Control

The first effect of the 1900 Buganda Agreement was the consolidation of British control over Uganda. The agreement gave the British colonial government a foothold in the region and established a framework for governance. The British recognized the kingdom of Buganda as a semi-autonomous state and allowed it to retain some of its traditional institutions. However, the British also reserved the right to intervene in the affairs of Buganda if necessary. This ensured that the British had ultimate control over the region.

The agreement also established a system of indirect rule. This meant that the British used local leaders to govern the country. In the case of Buganda, the British recognized the kabaka (king) as the traditional leader of the kingdom. The kabaka was responsible for maintaining law and order and collecting taxes. The British provided the kabaka with military support and other resources to help him govern the kingdom.

2. Division among Ugandans

The second effect of the 1900 Buganda Agreement was the division among Ugandans. The agreement gave the kingdom of Buganda a privileged status within Uganda. This led to resentment among other ethnic groups in the country who felt that they were being marginalized.

The agreement also created a division within the kingdom of Buganda itself. The kabaka and his immediate circle benefited from the agreement, but many of the common people of Buganda were unhappy with the arrangement. They felt that the kabaka was collaborating with the British to enrich himself at their expense.

The division within Buganda would come to a head in the 1960s when the kabaka was exiled by the Ugandan government. This led to a series of protests and riots that eventually led to the overthrow of the government.


The 1900 Buganda Agreement had a profound impact on the history of Uganda. It consolidated British control over the region and established a framework for governance that would last for decades. However, it also created divisions among Ugandans and contributed to the political turmoil that would characterize Uganda in the years to come. As we look back on the 1900 Buganda Agreement, we can see the complex legacy it has left on Uganda and its people.